I have the same thing, but I also noticed that Hyper-V has to be enabled. As in, if your copy of Windows 10 has Hyper-V, you can install it by simply enabling it because it’s already there. On Windows 10 Home, though, there is no Hyper-V to enable. I also have Windows 10 Home. The only option for Home edition users is to use Docker. This multi-part blog series will show how to configure, build, and run Docker containers on Windows. The first part showed how to setup Windows Server 2016 on Virtual Box for Docker Containers. This part will install the operating system images and configure Docker. Setup PostgreSQL on Windows with Docker February 18, 2018 February 18, 2018 / Docker, PostgreSQL / Docker, pgAdmin 4, Postgres, PostgreSQL Over the weekend I finally got the chance to start reading A Curious Moon by Rob Conery which is a book on learning PostgreSQL by following the fictional Dee Yan as she is thrown into database. (And you don't have to go though all the manual steps to get Windows containers working!) I'm using 1.12.2 Beta 28 on Win 10. I can switch between Linux and Windows; and run Docker commands with out running PS as admin. I've tested 'docker ps', 'docker info', and 'docker search.' so far.

This multi-part blog series will show how to configure, build, and run Docker containers on Windows. The first part showed how to setup Windows Server 2016 on Virtual Box for Docker Containers. This part will install the operating system images and configure Docker. Instructions are available at msdn.microsoft.com/virtualization/windowscontainers/deployment/deployment.

Install Windows Server 2016 Container Feature

Build and Run Your First Windows Server Container (Blog Post) gives a quick tour of how to build and run native Docker Windows containers on Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 evaluation releases. Getting Started with Windows Containers (Lab) shows you how to use the MusicStore application with Windows containers.

Start PowerShell:

Install the container feature:

Restart the Virtual Machine:

Install Windows Server 2016 Base Docker Image

Base operating system can be installed using ContainerImage PowerShell module. Install the module as:

See the list of operating system images that are available:

Install the Windows Server Core base OS image:

Install Docker on Windows Server 2016

Download the script to install Docker:

Docker Tutorial Windows 10 Pdf

Run the script:

Check Docker version:

Check the list of images and tag the base OS image to latest:
Check docker --help command:

Subsequent blogs will show how other fun things with Docker on Windows Server 2016!

Some further topics to read …

  • Windows Server Containers – Quick Start
  • Getting Started with Docker for Java developers
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I've written about WSL2 and it's glorious wonders many times. As its release (presumably) grows closer - as of this writing it's on Windows Insiders Slow and Fast - I wanted to update a few posts. I've blogged about a few cool thing around WSL and Docker

Here's a little HanselFAQ and some resources.

I want to run Linux on Windows

You can certainly use HyperV or VirtualBox and run a standard Virtual Machine. Download an ISO and mount it and run 'a square within a square.' It won't be seamlessly integrated within Windows - it'll be like the movie Inception - but it's time-tested.

Better yet, install WSL or WSL2. It'll take 5-10 minutes tops if your Windows 10 is somewhat up to date.

  • How to install WSL on Windows 10
    • WSL doesn't include a Linux kernel. Its Linux file system access is kinda slow, but it accesses Windows files super fast. If you use Cygwin, you'll love this, because it's really Linux, just the kernel is emulated.
  • How to install WSL2 on Windows 10
    • WSL2 ships an actual Linux kernel and its Linux file system is 5x-10x faster than WSL. WSL2 uses a tiny utility VM that expands contracts its memory and you can manage distros with the wsl command line.
    • Do all your development work inside here, while still using VS Code on Windows. It's amazing. Watch me set up a friend with WSL2, LIVE on YouTube.

I want to SSH into Linux stuff from Windows

There's 15 years of websites telling you to install Putty but you might not need it. OpenSSH has been shipping in Windows 10 for over two years. You can add them with Windows Features, or if you like, grab a release and put it on your PATH.

You can also do things like set up keys to use Windows 10's built-in OpenSSH to automatically SSH into a remote Linux machine. I also like to setup Signed Git Commits with a YubiKey NEO and GPG and Keybase on Windows.

I need a better Terminal in Windows

The new Windows Terminal is for you. Download Windows Terminal now for free. It's open source. You can then run the Win64/Win32 ssh from above, or run any Linux distros SSH. Have fun. It's time.

NOTE: Have you already downloaded the Terminal, maybe a while back? Enough has changed that you should delete your profiles.json and start over.

You can download the Windows Terminal from the Microsoft Store or from the GitHub releases page. There's also an unofficial Chocolatey release. I recommend the Store version if possible.

My prompt and fonts are ugly

Make them pretty. You deserve the best. Go get Cascadia Code's CascadiaPL.ttf and PowerLine and buckle up buttercup. Get a nice theme and maybe a GIF background.

I want to use Docker on Windows and I want it to not suck

Surprise, it's actually awesome. You may have had some challenges with Docker a few years ago on Windows and gave up, but come back. There's been a huge (and fascinating) architecture of Docker on Windows. It's very nicely integrated if you have WSL2.

If you have WSL2 set up nicely, then get Docker Desktop WSL2. This version of Docker for Windows uses WSL2 as its engine allowing you to share your docker context across Windows and Linux on the same machine! As the maker intended!

WSL 2 introduces a significant architectural change as it is a full Linux kernel built by Microsoft, allowing Linux containers to run natively without emulation. With Docker Desktop running on WSL 2, users can leverage Linux workspaces and avoid having to maintain both Linux and Windows build scripts.

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So that means

  1. Install Windows 10 Insider Preview build 19018 or higher
  2. Enable WSL 2 feature on Windows. For detailed instructions, refer to the Microsoft documentation.
  3. Download Docker Desktop Edge 2.1.6.0 or a later release.

Ensure your default WSL instances is WSL2. You can do that with wsl -l -v, and then wsl --set-version <distro> 2

Docker installation failed windows 10 home

Then within Docker Desktop for Windows you've got two things to check. First, are you using WSL2 as your backend?

And then, the often missed setup, check under Resources WSL Integration and tell Docker which WSL2 distros you want to use to access Docker. If you're paying attention you may notice that Docker Desktop tries to prompt you with a notification in Action Center but you might miss it.

NOTE: If you used an early Tech Preview, you might have an extra now-vestigial Docker context named 'wsl.' You want to use the Default one, not the WSL one.

Docker Tutorial For Windows 10

This isn't intuitive or obvious and you might get weird errors like these

or

You can see if you have an extra context from before like below. That 'wsl' one is older (if you have it) and you want to use default in both Windows and WSL2.

I actually removed that one to avoid confusion with docker context rm wsl.

Here's Ubuntu on my Windows machine

And here's my Windows machine. Note that docker images in both instances returns the same list. They are the same Docker backend!

I want to code in VS Code on Windows but compile on Linux

At this point once I've set things up I can go bananas. I can do Container-based development, where I use VS Code to run all my developer tools and builds insider a container..maybe I never event install Go or PHP or .NET Core. It's all just inside a container.

Oh, by the way, please Subscribe to my YouTube! I talk a lot about this stuff over there.

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About Scott

Scott Hanselman is a former professor, former Chief Architect in finance, now speaker, consultant, father, diabetic, and Microsoft employee. He is a failed stand-up comic, a cornrower, and a book author.

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