1. Add pmm to brl-tutorial; Fix brl-tutorial typo; Fix pmm apt no-cache package availability check; Bedrock Linux 0.7.14 released. A point update has been released for 0.7. To update to it, run brl update as root. Add ppc and ppc64 support; Add Package Manager Manager ('pmm') Add code to recover from bad bedrock.conf timezone values.
  2. Add the following to devcontainer.json, replacing /root with the home directory in the container if not root (for example /home/user-name-goes-here) and unique-vol-name-here with a unique name for the volume.
  3. Dec 19, 2020 Let us add the new user to sudoers list, so he/she can perform administrative operations. Grant sudo privileges to users in Alpine Linux. We can do this in two ways. Method 1: To assign sudo permissions to an user in Alpine Linux, simply add him/her to wheel group. For those who don't know yet, wheel is a special group in some Unix-like.


Create user accounts. Create a normal user account. # adduser -g 'Natanael Copa' ncopa. Optionally, give that user sudo permissions in /etc/sudoers. When doing so, it is important to use the command: visudo. This ensures that only one user is changing the file at any given time. Visudo has two modes: Command mode and Insert mode.

Xfce screenshot.
  • 2Install packages
  • 3Configure xorg-server (optional)
  • 10Troubleshooting

Start by booting up Alpine (see these instructions on how to do that)
When Alpine is up and running, do the initial setup.

# setup-alpine

Add user to sudoers debian

Ensure the 'community' repository is enabled in /etc/apk/repositories. Edit the file using vi, and uncomment the line with community at the end.

# vi /etc/apk/repositories

Update the local copies of the repositories.

# apk update

Run the setup-xorg-base script to install the xorg base packages and to replace mdev with udev. We can also install xfce4 and the selected packages while here.

This might take a few minutes depending on your network speed.

# setup-xorg-base xfce4 xfce4-terminal lightdm-gtk-greeter xfce4-screensaver dbus-x11 sudo

Video packages

You will most likely want to install a package suitable for your video chipset and input devices. Otherwise, X will resort to the rather slow and cumbersome VESA standard driver.

To see available video driver packages run:

$ apk search xf86-video

For example, if you have an Sis video chipset install 'xf86-video-sis', for Intel video chipset install 'xf86-video-intel'.

# apk add xf86-video-sis

and / or

# apk add xf86-input-synaptics

Use xf86-video-modesetting for Qemu/KVM guests.

Tip: Probably for KVM/Qemu guests you want to use qxl Video and Display Spice. For this purpose install xf86-video-qxl on guest and run a Spice client on the host

Use xf86-video-vmware and xf86-video-vboxvideo for Virtualbox/VMware guests.

Tip: If you want to run XFCE in an Oracle VM Virtual Box, you need to install the VirtualBox guest additions as well. They contain parts of the driver, without them, XFCE won't start.

Use xf86-video-fbdev for Hyper-V guests.

Tip: If you use Hyper-V, you should install the Hyper-V guest services as well.

Use xf86-video-geode for Alix1D.

Input packages

To search for xf86-input driver packages run:

$ apk search xf86-input

As good choice for the start is:

# apk add xf86-input-mouse xf86-input-keyboard

kbd may help if the Numlock service is added but does not start, or if 'setleds not found' during the boot sequence:

# apk add kbd

Tip: Refer to Qemu page if you are installing inside a Qemu/KVM virtual machine

On most systems, xorg should be able to autodetect all devices. However you can still configure xorg-server by hand by launching:

# Xorg -configure

This will result in `/root/xorg.conf.new`. You can modify this file to fit your needs.
(When finished modifying and testing the above configuration file, move it to `/etc/X11/xorg.conf` for normal usage.)

Keyboard Layout

If you use a layout different than 'us', you need to:

# apk add setxkbmapsetxkbmap <%a language layout from /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/xorg.lst%>

Docker alpine add user to sudoers

In order to make it persistent add this section to /etc/X11/xorg.conf:

Section 'InputClass' Identifier 'Keyboard Default' MatchIsKeyboard 'yes' Option 'XkbLayout' '<%a language layout from /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/xorg.lst%>'EndSection


Another way to change the keymap when logging into X is to use ~/.xinitrc. The following example loads a British keymap, simply add this line to the beginning of the file:setxkbmap gb &

Note that you will need the 'setxkbmap' package for this to work!In addition you if you need to create the ~/.xinitrc file, add a second line like exec startxfce4

Create a normal user account.

# adduser -g 'Natanael Copa' ncopa

Optionally, give that user sudo permissions in /etc/sudoers. When doing so, it is important to use the command:

visudo

This ensures that only one user is changing the file at any given time. Visudo has two modes: Command mode and Insert mode. To edit the file, use the arrows to navigate to the appropriate line and enter Insert mode by pressing the 'i' key. To save and exit, enter Command mode by pressing the 'Esc' key, then ':w' + 'enter' to save, and finally ':q' + 'enter' to quit.

You may want to add the home directories to the lbu captures:

#lbu include /home

Depending on your setup procedure dbus probably isn't running at this point, which will lead to issues like missing icons and keyboard shortcuts.

Start dbus first.

# rc-service dbus start

You will likely also want dbus to start on boot.

# rc-update add dbus

Start lightdm and log in with your new user.

# rc-service lightdm start

Once you have verified that it actually works you can make lxdm start up at boot:

# rc-update add lightdm

If you're missing icons on menus and bars install a theme:

# apk add faenza-icon-theme

In order to allow the user to shut down the machine or reboot either elogind and polkit-elogind, or polkit and consolekit2 needs to be installed:

Add user to sudoers alpine unified

# apk add elogind polkit-elogind

Or:

Add User To Sudoers Debian

# apk add polkit consolekit2

Add User To Sudoers Alpine

For browsing of network shares within XFCE that works seamlessly with file associations, you can install gvfs-fuse and the gvfs packages for the network protocols you use. For instance, for SMB:

# apk add gvfs-fuse gvfs-smb

Add User To Sudoers Alpine Boot

Presently (3.11), the OpenRC script for fuse is a separate package. However, it may be sufficient for GVfs to initiate the fuse kernel module:

# apk add fuse-openrc

Then you can manually start the fuse service (you'll need to restart any XFCE sessions already in progress -- you can log them out and log in again):

# rc-service fuse start

You can set the fuse service to start up automatically at boot:

# rc-update add fuse

To enable automatic mounting of USB drives, install these packages:

# apk add thunar-volman udisks2

Also, make sure that mounting is enabled in

Thunar>Edit>Preferences>Advanced>Volume Management>Configure>Storage>Removable Storage

Add User To Sudoers Alpine National Park

Packages below optional depending on what USB media you intend to mount:

ntfs-3g: NTFS supportgvfs-mtp: media players and mobile devices that use MTPgvfs-gphoto2: digital cameras and mobile devices that use PTPgvfs-afc: Apple mobile devices

Add User To Sudoers Alpine Linux

Osx high sierra installer download. If you are unable to login, check /var/log/lxdm.log, there may be output there from X to indicate failed modules, etc.

If your mouse / keyboard is not responding, try to install xf86-input-evdev (that will appeared in lxdm.log if you lack it). Or you can try to disable hotplug.

If you Xorg server segfaults in kvm/qemu then add nomodeset as a boot option when booting up.

If you are unable to login, or you see an error 'Failed to execute login command', you should check ~/.xinitrc (if you're using .xinitrc) with your preferred text editor (vi, nano, etc) and ensure that it is set to boot into xfce. To do this, the 'exec' line (usually the last line in the file) should read 'exec startxfce4'. If ~/.xinitrc does not exist, create it and add the exec line. this command will do it:

$ echo 'exec startxfce4' >> ~/.xinitrc

Compositor

If you login to xfce once, logout, and then login again, and your panel and windows disappear or start flickering, this is because xfce is writing a default config file with the compositor enabled, but does not enable it during your first login. Clear out the ~/.config/xfce directory, and login as 'first time' again, as the default vblank setting for the compositor is likely incorrect. Open the windows manager tweaks and dconf editor (or use dconf-query) before you log out. Tick the compositor to off in the window manager tweaks ui. If you have a recent enough xfce (4.14) there is a ui in window manager tweaks to set syncing mode, and you can try different values, such as vblank, xpresent, and glx, while turning the compositor on and off, until you find one that works. Or, from dconf editor, you can set xfwm4 /general/vblank_mode, which you will find is set to 'auto' by default, and then turn the compositor on again. This can also be accomplished from the command line using using:

xfconf-query -c xfwm4 -p /general/vblank_mode -s mode

where mode is vblank, glx or xpresent.

You have to use xfconf-query from within the xfce terminal session, or at least with the xfce settings daemon started.

  • Install X-Window in Alpine Linux Joachim Nilsson 2017
Retrieved from 'http://wiki.alpinelinux.org/w/index.php?title=Xfce_Setup&oldid=18502'
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